Countries including Greece, Spain, France and Belgium are on the list, which comes into effect from 10 July.
But countries such as China, US, Sweden and Portugal are not, meaning arrivals from those have to isolate for 14 days.
Scotland and Wales are yet to decide whether to ease travel restrictions and described the changes as “shambolic”.
The quarantine rules will also remain in place in Northern Ireland for visitors arriving from outside of the UK and Republic of Ireland.
the number of cases was falling.
People travelling from the 59 countries and 14 British overseas territories on the list will not have to quarantine on arrival in England unless they have travelled through a place which is not exempt.
Passengers will still be required to provide contact information on arrival in England.
Some of those on the list include popular short-haul destinations such as Turkey and Cyprus, as well as long-haul locations including Australia, Barbados, Hong Kong, Japan, New Zealand and Vietnam.
However, some countries, such as New Zealand, will require visitors to isolate on arrival.
The Foreign Office is expected to update its travel guidance on Saturday, including naming which countries will have a reciprocal arrangement with the UK and not require British visitors to quarantine on arrival.
A list of countries which will be exempt from the Foreign Office’s advice against “all but essential travel” from Saturday has also been published.
The advice has been lifted for Portugal but only for the Azores and Madeira.
The government said information for travel into Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland will be published in due course by the devolved administrations.
Transport Secretary Grant Shapps said finalising the list of countries had been delayed – after scrapping the quarantine was announced last week – in the hope that the four UK nations could reach a joint decision.
He said there was “still an opportunity” for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland to co-ordinate and therefore make the changes more simple.
But the first ministers of both Scotland and Wales have criticised the government, with Nicola Sturgeon saying Scotland could not be dragged along by the UK government’s “shambolic decision making”.
Welsh First Minister Mark Drakeford said the approach had been “utterly shambolic”.
However, he added it was likely the Welsh government would impose the same measures as in England, provided the chief medical officer for Wales gave approval.
The introduction of the quarantine on 8 June was met with criticism from the travel, tourism and hospitality industries.
The publishing of the lists has been welcomed by the airline industry with Tim Alderslade, chief executive of industry body Airline UK, saying it gave “a clear path to opening further predominantly long-haul destinations in the weeks ahead”.
VisitBritain director Patricia Yates said the lifting of travel restrictions for some of the “largest and most valuable visitor markets” was a “timely boost” for the industry.
She said a £19.7bn loss in inbound spending had been forecast this year and the change marked “an important step on tourism’s road to rebuilding”.
Pilots union, the British Airline Pilots Association, said it was an important first step and said it was working with authorities to make sure the return to operations would be safe for pilots, passengers and crew.
General Secretary Brian Strutton said: “Pilots want to ensure that passengers can safely and quickly get flying again, to help people reunite with family and friends, to carry out essential business and for much needed holidays.”
A High Court challenge by British Airways, easyJet and Ryanair against the government’s 14-day quarantine is set to be withdrawn, their barrister Tom Hickman QC said.